The Avignon Festival, known as the “In”, was created in 1947 by Jean Vilar. Programming is decided by artistic director Tiago Rodrigues and his team. Companies and artists are invited to present their work at the Festival, in emblematic heritage venues such as the Cour d’Honneur of the Palais des Papes.
Le Festival Off was founded in 1966 by André Benedetto, it was originally an alternative artistic movement that protested against traditional theatrical performances. Le Off has no artistic direction. Companies pay and rent open slots in theaters that make their venues available.